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The Design Process of Auditorium

An auditorium is a room built where people come to hear and watch performances i.e. a theatre, lecture hall, conference centre, or religious building. Design plays a crucial role in the overall effectiveness of auditorium venues. The space should be designed to allow the audience to have the best viewing experience possible and to maximise the capacity of the venue. With this in mind, here are the key things to consider when designing an auditorium.


An auditorium is a place in a building where people come to view and hear performances - whether that be a theatre show, a lecture, or a business presentation. For that reason, seating is arguably the most important factor to consider when designing an auditorium. The type of auditorium seating used will have a significant impact on the overall experience that people have while using the space. Think about it - people who are sitting on comfortable chairs will be relaxed and able to focus their full attention on the performance. Whereas, people who are uncomfortable are likely to become distracted easily and fidget in an attempt to get comfortable. For that reason, it’s essential that you find a quality seating solution that provides the correct levels of comfort and support. Fortunately, many modern seating solutions come upholstered with cushions and are specially designed to promote good posture and maximise comfort.


Most auditoriums want to maximise capacity at their venue. For instance, theatres need to increase revenue by selling more tickets for performances, and lecture halls need to maximise the number of students enrolling in classes. To achieve this, auditorium venues must think carefully about their design and take advantage of all available space. One simple way to maximise capacity is by choosing a space-efficient seating solution. Many seating solutions can be fully customised to fit your auditorium perfectly, allowing you to maximise your venue’s capacity. For instance, the Broadway range has been designed to be fully flexible and the seat dimensions can be tailored to suit your specific venue. This range is especially well suited to layouts on a tight curve, making it ideal for conference venues and educational facilities.


Along with the seating, lighting should be a key consideration when designing an auditorium, particularly if the venue is being used as a learning space. This is because lighting can have a significant impact on a person’s ability to learn, concentrate, and retain information. Studies show that students learning in well-lit classrooms have higher academic performance when compared to their peers working in poorly-lit learning environments. Natural light is far more effective than artificial fluorescent lighting. Fortunately, you can easily take advantage of natural sunlight by installing large windows or skylights in the auditorium ceiling. When it comes to theatre performances, lighting is also important as it allows the audience to see the performance. Many theatres opt for mood lighting to create ambiance and add to the overall theatre performance.


Most auditoriums have a stage where the audience can view the performer/speaker. The type of stage used varies depending on the purpose of the auditorium, but it must be designed to enable the audience to view and hear the performance. Here are three of the most popular types of stages used in auditorium venues:

1. Arena stage - This is characterised by a central stage surrounded by tiered seating on all four sides. This design ensures that all guests get a clear view of the performer/speaker.

2. Proscenium Stage - Commonly referred to as a “picture frame” stage, this type of stage features a large arch that the actors perform under. The audience sits directly in front of the stage, usually on a tiered slope. This type of auditorium stage is most commonly used in theatres or opera houses.

3. Thrust stage - This stage projects into the auditorium with the audience sitting on three sides. The fourth side acts as the background and can be used to project presentations, display information, etc.

Final thoughts

Auditorium design is crucial to the overall effectiveness of the space. An auditorium should be designed to enhance performance and maximise capacity. Many auditoriums are multi-purpose spaces i.e. a lecture hall may be used for teaching sessions, presentations, and staff meetings. They should, therefore, be designed in a manner that allows flexibility and enables the space to be adapted for different purposes. Seating, capacity, lighting, and the type of stage used are all key factors to consider when looking for ways to enhance a venue and create the best auditorium possible.

Ocee International

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